Inga Tomić-Koludrović i Mirko Petrić na simpoziju ESA-e u Sofiji

U razdoblju između 31. kolovoza i 2. rujna 2023., dr. sc. Inga Tomić i mr. sc. Mirko Petrić sudjelovali su na simpoziju istraživačkih mreža Europske sociološke udruge (ESA) za sociologiju umjetnosti (RN2) i sociologiju kulture (RN7)

Simpozij s nazivom New perspectives and interventions: The state of play in cultural sociology and sociology of the arts (Nova motrišta i intervencije: današnje stanje u kulturnoj sociologiji i sociologiji umjetnosti) održao se na Sveučilištu u Sofiji, u organizaciji tamošnjih odjela za sociologiju i kulturne studije, te uz financijsku potporu Bugarskog sociološkog društva.

Dr. sc. Inga Tomić i mr. sc. Mirko Petrić na skupu su održali dva izlaganja, temeljena na rezultatima Obzor 2020 projekta INVENT. Prvo izlaganje, pripremljeno u suautorstvu s Predragom Cvetičaninom (Univerzitet u Nišu), Lucasom Pageom Pereieom (Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin), Frédéricom Lebaronom (Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay) te Željkom Zdravković (Sveučilište u Zadru), nosilo je naslov Cultural practices and socio-digital inequalities in Europe: empirical findings and theoretical considerations (Kulturne prakse i socio-digitalne nejednakosti u Europi: emipirijski nalazi i teorijska razmatranja). Drugo izlaganje, pripremljeno u suautorstvu s Augustinom Deradom i Ivom Žunić (oboje Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar), nosilo je naziv The relevance of exploratory approaches in cultural policy: analysing understandings of culture in Croatia (Relevantnost eksploracijskih pristupa u kulturnoj politici: analiza razumijevanja kulture u Hrvatskoj).

U svojstvu člana upravnog odbora Istraživačke mreže za sociologiju kulture Europske sociološke udruge (ESA RN7), mr. sc. Mirko Petrić sudjelovao je na sastanku tog tijela, na kojem se raspravljalo o budućim aktivnostima istraživačke mreže te pripremi njezina sudjelovanja na kongresu ESA- u Portu 2024.

Predrag Cvetičanin, Lucas Page Pereira, Mirko Petrić, Inga Tomić-Koludrović, Frédéric Lebaron, Željka Zdravković: CULTURAL PRACTICES AND SOCIO-DIGITAL INEQUALITIES IN EUROPE: EMPIRICAL FINDINGS AND THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Based on empirical evidence from a large-scale research project carried out in nine European countries, we present a theoretical argument for studying the impact of social and digital inequalities on cultural practices jointly. This contrasts with the approaches of research traditions that have studied them separately since the 1990s, developing with very little mutual contact, little information exchange and little collaboration (Halford & Savage, 2010: 938). Namely, until their very gradual converging over the last ten years, social inequalities research has not given much acknowledgment to the importance of inequality in the digital sphere, while the emerging digital inequalities research remained largely at the descriptive level (Gilbert & Masucci, 2004), and lacked a more comprehensive theory of social inequality (Kennedy et al., 2003; Van Dijk, 2005). It was only in the studies of “the third level of the digital divide” that differences in access, skills and uses of digital technologies began to appear as a significant source of social inequalities (Van Deursen and Helsper, 2015; Van Dijk, 2017; Ragnedda, 2017). In this presentation, we first outline the differences between the research foci and methodologies of the two mentioned traditions of inequalities research. We then discuss the premises and present the findings of our empirical research, in which we used data on four different types of respondents’ cultural practices: offline art-related cultural practices, offline everyday life cultural practices, online art-related cultural practices, and online everyday life cultural practices. Empirical findings resulting from different types of analysis we conducted (Multiple Correspondence Analysis, multi-level and linear regression) point in the same direction, suggesting that our effort to study the interplay between cultural practices in offline and online domains was fruitful. The same appears to be true for the proposed joint framework for studying the impact of socio-digital inequalities on cultural practices in Europe.


Following a continual expansion of quantitative approaches in cultural policy since the mid-1990s, ranging from the UK government’s creative industries advocacy to the statistical frameworks developed by UNESCO and the European Union, recent years have seen a gradual emergence of the approaches critical of so-called evidence-based policies (Belfiore, 2021) and increasingly aware of the “limits of quantification” in securing public value. Although the protocols of the “metric society” (Mau, 2019) have by now been firmly established in cultural policy evaluations, it has also become clear that they are “transforming qualitative differences into quantitative inequalities” and that they therefore “play a decisive role in shaping the life chances of individuals” active in the cultural field. This paper attempts to provide an alternative framework for identifying the needs for cultural policy intervention, based on exploratory approaches containing a prominent qualitative component. We first present the results of our analysis of dana obtained by an online survey with open questions of 162 participants, purposively sampled to achieve a degree of heterogeneity which enables comparisons (Maxwell, 2013) and subjected to analytical procedures prioritising qualitative research value and techniques. This rich analysis of understandings of culture of the participants willing to talk about it was then complemented by topic modelling of answers of respondents in a survey carried out on nationally probabilistic sample. The application of this algorithmic approach, “blending /…/ an automated analysis with human-supervised interpretation” (Brookes and McEnery, 2019) proved the relevance of “the interplay of computational and statistical measures with human-led, theory-sensitive interpretation (Brezina, 2018) in the cultural policy context. Finally, we discuss the possibilities opened up to cultural policy evaluation by Multiple Correspondence Analysis, as yet another type of exploratory technique used widely in the cultural field.